A newly constructed Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system revealed the influence of nitrogen sources on the function of the LaeA regulator in Penicillium chrysogenum.

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A newly constructed Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system revealed the influence of nitrogen sources on the function of the LaeA regulator in Penicillium chrysogenum.

Fungal Biol. 2019 Nov;123(11):830-842

Authors: Vu TX, Vu HH, Nguyen GT, Vu HT, Mai LTD, Pham DN, Le DH, Nguyen HQ, Tran VT

Abstract
Penicillium chrysogenum is not only an industrially important filamentous fungus for penicillin production, but it also represents as a promising cell factory for production of natural products. Development of efficient transformation systems with suitable selection markers is essential for genetic manipulations in P. chrysogenum. In this study, we have constructed a new and efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) system with two different selection markers conferring the resistance to nourseothricin and phleomycin for P. chrysogenum. Under the optimized conditions for co-cultivation at 22 °C for 60 h with acetosyringone concentration of 200 μM, the transformation efficiency of the ATMT system could reach 5009 ± 96 transformants per 106 spores. The obtained transformants could be exploited as the T-DNA insertion mutants for screening genes involved in morphogenesis and secondary metabolism. Especially, the constructed ATMT system was applied successfully to generate a knockout mutant of the laeA regulatory gene and relevant complementation strains in a wild strain of P. chrysogenum. Our results indicated that the LaeA regulator controls growth, sporulation, osmotic stress response and antibiotic production in P. chrysogenum, but its function is reliant on nitrogen sources. Furthermore, we showed that the laeA orthologous genes from the citrus postharvest pathogen P. digitatum and from the industrial fungus Aspergillus niger could recover the phenotypic defects in the P. chrysogenum laeA deletion mutant. Conclusively, this work provides a new ATMT system, which can be employed for T-DNA insertional mutagenesis, heterologous gene expression or for molecular inspections of potential genes related to secondary metabolism in P. chrysogenum.

PMID: 31627859 [PubMed – in process]

Source: Industry