Advances in biosensors for the detection of ochratoxin A: Bio-receptors, nanomaterials, and their applications.

Advances in biosensors for the detection of ochratoxin A: Bio-receptors, nanomaterials, and their applications.

Biosens Bioelectron. 2019 Jun 06;141:111418

Authors: Alhamoud Y, Yang D, Fiati Kenston SS, Liu G, Liu L, Zhou H, Ahmed F, Zhao J

Abstract
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a class of mycotoxin mainly produced by the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium. OTA can cause various forms of kidney, liver and brain diseases in both humans and animals although trace amount of OTA is normally present in food. Therefore, development of fast and sensitive detection technique is essential for accurate diagnosis of OTA. Currently, the most commonly used detection methods are enzyme-linked immune sorbent assays (ELISA) and chromatographic techniques. These techniques are sensitive but time consuming, and require expensive equipment, highly trained operators, as well as extensive preparation steps. These drawbacks limit their wide application in OTA detection. On the contrary, biosensors hold a great potential for OTA detection at for both research and industry because they are less expensive, rapid, sensitive, specific, simple and portable. This paper aims to provide an extensive overview on biosensors for OTA detection by highlighting the main biosensing recognition elements for OTA, the most commonly used nanomaterials for fabricating the sensing interface, and their applications in different read-out types of biosensors. Current challenges and future perspectives are discussed as well.

PMID: 31228729 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry