Aspergillus Flavus Necrotising Scleritis following Pars Plana Vitrectomy.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2019 Aug 20;:1-3
Authors: Baharani A, Reddy AK, Reddy P RR
Purpose: To report a case of fungal necrotising scleritis following pars plana vitrectomy. Results: A 65-year-old lady underwent phacoemlsificication with posterior capsular rupture and posteriorly dislocated lens in her left eye. On the same day she underwent 20 gauge pars plana vitrectomy and phacofragmentation. Postoperative period was uneventful for up to 6 weeks when she developed necrotising anterior scleritis with suppurative nodules. Scraping from the suppuration confirmed the presence of Aspergillus flavus. She was treated with topical Voriconazole and oral Itraconazole. Conclusion: We describe the first case of fungal necrotising scleritis without intraocular inflammation following pars plana vitrectomy (PubMed Search). Infection should be kept in the differential diagnosis of post-operative necrotising scleritis even in the absence of risk factors like hypopyon or diabetes. Early recognition improves final outcome. Medical therapy should be continued even after presumed cure to take care of residual fungi and prevent recurrences.
PMID: 31429609 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]