Biotransformation of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione by three fungal species Fusarium solani BH1031, Aspergillus awamori MH18 and Mucor circinelloides W12.

Biotransformation of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione by three fungal species Fusarium solani BH1031, Aspergillus awamori MH18 and Mucor circinelloides W12.

Nat Prod Res. 2019 Aug 20;:1-8

Authors: An X, Gao P, Zhao S, Zhu L, You X, Li C, Zhang Q, Shan L

Abstract
The microbial transformation of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (4-AD; I) by three fungal species, involved Fusarium solani BH1031, Aspergillus awamori MH18 and Mucor circinelloides W12, has been studied. The latter two fungi were studied for the first time on biotransformation of 4-AD. The main product obtained by Fusarium solani BH1031 was 17α-oxa-D-homo-androst-1,4-diene-3,17-dione (testolactone; IV), which can be used as an anticancer agent. The main derivative yielded by Aspergillus awamori MH18 was 11α-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione (11α-OH-4-AD; VI), which was an important intermediate to produce Eplerenone. Meanwhile, the microbial transformation of 4-AD by Mucor circinelloides W12 produced three derivatives. Possible metabolic pathway of 4-AD via Fusarium solani BH1031 was proposed. Furthermore, the optimization for the production of 11α-OH-4-AD was carried out and the conversion rate reached to 84.0%. In this process, the dextrin and corn flour showed significant effects by response surface analysis.

PMID: 31429310 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry