Deciphering the intrinsic properties of fungal proteases in optimizing phytopathogenic interaction.
Gene. 2019 Jun 19;:
Authors: Podder S, Saha D, Ghosh TC
Phytopathogenic fungi secrete a wide range of enzymes to penetrate and colonize host tissues. Of them protease activity is reported to increase disease aggressiveness in the plant. With the aim to explore the reason of the higher infection potential of proteases, we have compared several genomic and proteomic attributes among different hydrolytic enzymes coded by five pathogenic fungal species which are the potent infectious agents of plant. Categorizing the enzymes into four major groups, namely protease, lipase, amylase and cell-wall degraders, we observed that proteases are evolutionary more conserved, have higher expression levels, contain more hydrophobic buried residues, short linear motifs and post-translational modified (PTM) sites than the other three groups of enzymes. Again, comparing these features of protease between pathogenic and non-pathogenic Aspergillus sps, we have hypothesized that protein structural properties could play significant roles in imposing infection potency to the fungal proteases.
PMID: 31228540 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]