Effective Inhibition of Phytopathogenic Microbes by Eco-Friendly Leaf Extract Mediated Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs).

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Effective Inhibition of Phytopathogenic Microbes by Eco-Friendly Leaf Extract Mediated Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs).

Indian J Microbiol. 2019 Sep;59(3):273-287

Authors: Haroon M, Zaidi A, Ahmed B, Rizvi A, Khan MS, Musarrat J

Abstract
Abstract: This study was aimed at producing the eco-friendly, safe, and inexpensive silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) and assessing its antimicrobial activity. Fungal pathogens isolated from diseased leaves and fruits of brinjal and bacterial pathogen obtained from a culture collection were used in this study. Green synthesis of AgNPs was performed and optimized using Azadirachta indica leaf extract. The newly synthesized AgNPs (λmax = 437 nm) showed isotropism in size (crystal size/diameter: 21/29 ± 5 nm) and morphology under transmission and scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The fourier transform infrared spectroscopy data suggested the role of various aliphatic/aromatic moieties and proteins in AgNPs stabilization. The AgNPs reduced the growth of Penicillium sp. maximally by 92% after 6 days. The sensitivity of test fungi towards AgNPs followed the order: Penicillium sp. (92%) > Fusarium sp. (89%) > Aspergillus sp. (69%). Exposure of Ralstonia solanacearum to AgNPs (MIC/MBC 200/400 µg ml-1) displayed damaged cellular envelopes, bulging of cells, and pit formation. The nucleic acid discharge showed a progressive increase from 8 to 34% (r2 = 0.97). The cellular metabolic activity and surface adhering ability of R. solanacearum were completely lost at 400 µgAgNPs ml-1. Results suggested that the AgNPs synthesized in this study had enough anti-pathogenic potential and could inexpensively and safely be used as a promising alternative to agrochemicals. Moreover, the findings observed in this study is likely to serve as an important indicator for the development of effective nano-control agents which in effect would help to manage some deadly phyto-pathogens capable of causing heavy losses to agricultural production systems.
Graphical Abstract: Effective inhibition of phytopathogenic microbes by eco-friendly neem leaf extract mediated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs).

PMID: 31388204 [PubMed]

Source: Industry