Environmentally benign fabrication of SnO2-CNT nanohybrids and their multifunctional efficiency as an adsorbent, catalyst and antimicrobial agent for water decontamination.

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Environmentally benign fabrication of SnO2-CNT nanohybrids and their multifunctional efficiency as an adsorbent, catalyst and antimicrobial agent for water decontamination.

Sci Rep. 2019 Sep 10;9(1):12935

Authors: Ahmaruzzaman M, Mohanta D, Nath A

Abstract
Herein, we described a biogenic, additive fee, eco-friendly synthesized SnO2-CNT nanohybrid as an efficient, re-collectable and reusable material for onsite water remediation. We demonstrated that the SnO2-CNTs can provide a one stop solution for water remediation as it effectively accomplished the major treatment tasks like adsorption, catalytic transformation/degradation and disinfection. The structural, morphological, surface chemical compositions of the nanocomposite and the adsorption, catalytic and antimicrobial properties were investigated using common characterization and instrumental techniques. The results revealed the brilliant efficiency of SnO2-CNT nanoadsorbent towards As (III) and a maximum Langmuir adsorption capacity of 106.95 mg/g was observed at high arsenite concentration (C0 = 1 mg/L). The nanoadsorbent was also found to be equally efficient in low arsenite concentration ranges (C0 = 100 μg/L) as it could bring down the arsenic concentration below maximum permissible limit. Moreover, using model pollutants like p-nitrophenol, Alizarin red S, Metronidazole, bacterial strains (Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumonia etc.), and fungal strains (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans), the multifunctional capability of SnO2-CNT towards water decontamination has been established. Our results suggested the promising potential of hierarchical nano-heterojunctions for engineering efficient water treatment processes.

PMID: 31506452 [PubMed – in process]

Source: Industry