Lead immobilization assisted by fungal decomposition of organophosphate under various pH values.
Sci Rep. 2019 Sep 16;9(1):13353
Authors: Zhang L, Song X, Shao X, Wu Y, Zhang X, Wang S, Pan J, Hu S, Li Z
Organic phosphates (OP) account for approximately 30-90% of total soil P. However, it is too stable to be utilized by plants as available P source. Aspergillus niger (A. niger) has considerable ability to secret phytase to decompose OP. Meanwhile, mineralization of lead (Pb) is efficient to achieve its remediation. This study hence investigated Pb immobilization by A. niger assisted decomposition of OP under variable acidic environments. A. niger can survive in the acidic environment as low as pH = 1.5. However, alternation of environmental pH within 3.5-6.5 significantly changed fungal phytase secretion. In particular, weakly acidic stimulation (pH of ~5.5) increased phytase activity secreted by A. niger to 0.075 µmol/min/mL, hence elevating P release to a maximal concentration of ~20 mg/L. After Pb addition, ATR-IR and TEM results demonstrated the formation of abundant chloropyromorphite [Pb5(PO4)3Cl] mineral on the surface of mycelium at pH = 5.5. Anglesite, with a higher solubility than pyromorphite, was precipitated massively in other treatments with pH lower or higher than 5.5. This study elucidated the great potential of applying OP for Pb immobilization in contaminated water.
PMID: 31527665 [PubMed – in process]