Liposomal Amphotericin B Fosters the Corticosteroids' Anti-inflammatory Effect on Murine Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis Model Airways.
Liposomal Amphotericin B Fosters the Corticosteroids’ Anti-inflammatory Effect on Murine Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis Model Airways.
Inflammation. 2019 Aug 08;:
Authors: Fukushima C, Matsuse H, Obase Y, Fukahori S, Tsuchida T, Kawano T, Kohno S, Mukae H
Fungus is an antigen for bronchial asthma causing allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM). As a therapy other than corticosteroids, itraconazole (ITCZ) is known to suppress the allergic inflammation induced by Aspergillus fumigatus (Af). However, the efficacy of liposomal amphotericin B (LAMB) with/without corticosteroid on ABPM is unknown. Mice sensitized to Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) allergen were intranasally infected with Af (DfAf group). After the infection, corticosteroid (dexamethasone (Dex)) was administered for 5 days (DfAf/Dex group). The effects of ITCZ or LAMB with/without Dex were also evaluated. Pathologically, Dex and LAMB combination treatment decreased the allergic inflammation evidently. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) concentrations of IL-5, IL-13, and MIP-2 were significantly elevated in DfAf mice compared with control mice (p < 0.05, each). In DfAf mice, ITCZ and LAMB significantly decreased the elevation of MIP-2 (p < 0.05 vs the DfAf group). The addition of both Dex and LAMB suppressed the MIP-2 elevation in DfAf mice (p < 0.05 vs the Df/Af/Dex/LAMB group), but the addition of Dex and ITCZ did not (DfAf/Dex/ITCZ group). None of Dex, ITCZ, or LAMB decreased pulmonary IL-13 concentration. It was suggested that combination of antifungal drugs and corticosteroid enhanced the suppressing effect of airway inflammations. This finding will give a hope for the treatment of severe fungus-related asthma.
PMID: 31396817 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]