Pulp improvement of oil palm empty fruit bunches associated to solid-state biopulping and biobleaching with xylanase and lignin peroxidase cocktail produced by Aspergillus sp. LPB-5.

Pulp improvement of oil palm empty fruit bunches associated to solid-state biopulping and biobleaching with xylanase and lignin peroxidase cocktail produced by Aspergillus sp. LPB-5.

Bioresour Technol. 2019 Apr 18;285:121361

Authors: Orozco Colonia BS, Lorenci Woiciechowski A, Malanski R, Junior Letti LA, Soccol CR

Abstract
Oil palm empty fruit bunches is a lignocellulosic feedstock with biotechnological potential and thousands of tons are generated in the world each year. Filamentous fungi producing xylanases and ligninases in biopulping to obtain cellulose is a pulp improvement alternative. The enzymatic cocktail was produced in solid-state biopulping by Aspergillus sp. LPB-5 with 54.32 U/g xylanase, 13.41 U/g lignin peroxidase and low cellulase activity. Biological, thermal and chemical pretreatments were compared and enzymatic biobleaching was applied to pretreated pulps. Biopulping and biobleaching combination had 36.80% lignin loss, 26.27% hemicellulose reduction, 74.36% pulp yield with 36.56% digestibility. Alkaline and biobleaching combination removed 81.97% hemicellulose and 93.89% lignin with 73.59% digestibility. Enzymatic biobleaching increased the pulp digestibility in all pretreatments. Finally, the development of a bio-pretreatment to remove hemicellulose and alter the lignin-carbohydrate complex interface presented a soft process with great eco-friendly potential, where mild pre-treatments would reduce the use of aggressive agents.

PMID: 31018172 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry