Volatile Chemical Composition, Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Extracts from Different Parts of Globba schomburgkii Hook.f.

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Volatile Chemical Composition, Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Extracts from Different Parts of Globba schomburgkii Hook.f.

Chem Biodivers. 2019 May;16(5):e1900057

Authors: Doungchawee J, Kulsing C, Suekaew N, Na Pombejra S, Chavasiri W, Plabutong N, Thammahong A, Khotavivattana T

Abstract
Globba schomburgkii Hook.f. is an ornamental plant that has recently found increasing demand as cut flowers, hence generating a significant number of by-products from different parts of the plant. To investigate the further applications of these by-products, twelve crude extracts from rhizomes, stalks, leaves, and flowers were prepared by serial exhaustive extraction. The volatile composition of these extracts was analyzed by GC/MS; a total of 89 compounds were identified, most of which were sesquiterpenes as well as some labdane-type diterpenes. The antimicrobial activities of these extracts were evaluated, revealing a correlation between the terpenoid content and antibacterial activities. Notably, the dichloromethane extracts of rhizomes and flowers, which contained the highest amount of terpenoids (e. g., α-gurjunene, guaia-9,11-diene, γ-bicyclohomofarnesal, β-caryophyllene, and caryophyllene oxide), displayed the most prominent antibacterial activities. This work demonstrates the potential use of the crude extracts from G. schomburgkii as natural antibacterial ingredients for pharmaceutical and other applications.

PMID: 30794339 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Source: Industry