Incidence and Recurrence of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis at Tertiary Care Facility.

Incidence and Recurrence of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis at Tertiary Care Facility.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 Nov;71(Suppl 3):1832-1836

Authors: Tanveer U, Gul A, Aqil S

Abstract
To assess the incidence and recurrence of patients of allergic fungal sinusitis after administration of topical steroids for 24 months this is a cross-section study. Total 90 patients diagnosed with nasal pathology were enrolled from January 2011 to December 2015 at Liaquat National Hospital, various sign and symptoms were tabulated. Patients clinical, radiological and histopathological reports were analyzed. Post operative steroid dose and recurrence rate was noted. Post stratification, Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test was applied to see the association between CT Scan and endoscopic findings and recurrence considering P value ≤ 0.05 as significant. Total 90 patients of either sex aged between 12 and 63 years fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study. The results showed that among all study patients, 53(58.9%) were male and 37(41.1%) were female. Common presenting symptoms included nasal obstruction, nasal discharge & headache followed by proptosis. From 90 cases, 73(81.2%) had chronic rhinosinusitis and 17(18.9%) cases had Aspergillus. Postoperatively patients were given topical steroids and recurrence was seen in twelve (17.8%). All were aspergillus positive. The incidence of AFRS is (17) 18.9% of CRS which is slightly higher as reported in previous literature. Endoscopic finding may differ from CT scan finding. Patients presented with CRS should receive steroids for at least 2 years to prevent recurrence.

PMID: 31763255 [PubMed]

Source: Industry