Impact of Spray-Drying on Biological Properties of Chitosan Matrices Supplemented with Antioxidant Fungal Extracts for Wine Applications.

Impact of Spray-Drying on Biological Properties of Chitosan Matrices Supplemented with Antioxidant Fungal Extracts for Wine Applications.

Curr Microbiol. 2019 Nov 30;:

Authors: Choque E, Durrieu V, Alric I, Raynal J, Mathieu F

Abstract
Black aspergilli produce many bioactive compounds: enzymes, organic acids, and secondary metabolites. One such fungus, Aspergillus tubingensis G131, isolated from French Mediterranean vineyards, produces secondary metabolites with antioxidant properties that can be extracted with ethanol. In this study, crude antioxidant extracts obtained from A. tubingensis G131 cultures were encapsulated with two types of chitosan matrix. Spray-drying was used to obtain dried particles from a dispersion of fungal crude extracts in a solution of the coating agent chitosan. This process appeared to be an efficient method for obtaining a dry extract with antioxidant activity. Three types of fungal extracts, with different antioxidant capacities, were produced: two different concentrations of crude extract and a semi-purified extract. In this study, the chitosan matrices for encapsulation were chosen on the basis of their antimicrobial activities for wine applications. Classical low molecular weight chitosan was compared with NoBrett InsideĀ® which is already used to prevent the development of Brettanomyces spp. in wine. The objective of this study was to confirm that both antioxidant (fungal extract) and antimicrobial (chitosan) properties were preserved after spray-drying. The combination of these two properties and the powder formulation of this entirely natural product would make it a good alternative to chemicals, such as sulfites, in the food and wine industries.

PMID: 31786637 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry