Full recycling of citric acid wastewater through anaerobic digestion, air-stripping and pH control.
Water Sci Technol. 2019 Sep;80(6):1196-1204
Authors: Wang JB, Zhang RJ, Mao ZG, Xue DS, Zhu ZJ, Yu HC, Cai FJ, Cai LY, Bao JW, Xu J
Anaerobic digestion effluent (ADE) from the anaerobic digestion treatment of citric acid wastewater can be reused as a potential substitute for process water in the citric acid fermentation. However, excessive sodium contained in ADE significantly decreases citric acid production. In this paper, the inhibition mechanism of sodium on citric acid fermentation was investigated. We demonstrated that excessive sodium did not increase oxidative stress for Aspergillus niger, but reduced the pH of the medium significantly over the period 4-24 h, which led to lower activities of glucoamylase and isomaltase secreted by A. niger, with a decrease of available sugar concentration and citric acid production. ADE was pretreated by air-stripping prior to recycle and 18 g/L calcium carbonate was added at the start of fermentation to control the pH of the medium. The inhibition caused by ADE was completely alleviated and citric acid production substantially increased from 118.6 g/L to 141.4 g/L, comparable to the fermentation with deionized water (141.2 g/L). This novel process could decrease wastewater discharges and fresh water consumption in the citric acid industry, with benefit to the environment.
PMID: 31799963 [PubMed – in process]