Amperometric microsensor based on nanoporous gold for ascorbic acid detection in highly acidic biological extracts.

Amperometric microsensor based on nanoporous gold for ascorbic acid detection in highly acidic biological extracts.

Anal Chim Acta. 2020 Jan 25;1095:61-70

Authors: Kumar A, Furtado VL, Gonçalves JM, Bannitz-Fernandes R, Netto LES, Araki K, Bertotti M

Abstract
Tuning the electrocatalytic properties of high surface area porous metallic frameworks like Nanoporous Gold (NPG) by tailoring the structure is a convenient strategy to design electrochemical sensors. Accordingly, an NPG-based sensitive, selective and robust electroanalytical platform was designed for the detection of ascorbic acid (AA) in acidic extracts of Aspergillus fumigatus fungus and Arabidopsis thaliana leaves. NPG films were electrodeposited on a gold microelectrode by potentiostatic electrodeposition and characterized by electron microscopy techniques, which confirmed the morphology and highly porous structure resembling nanowires-type pure gold fractals. The electrodeposition parameters, particularly deposition potential and time, were optimized to achieve large and selective amperometric detection of AA on the NPG modified electrodes. Faster electron transfer kinetics was manifested on the 0.3 V shift in overpotential and remarkable enhancement of the oxidation peak current as compared with bare gold electrode. Amperometric measurements were performed at 0.3 V vs. Ag/AgCl(sat. KCl) in the highly acidic electrolyte solution employed to extract ascorbate from biological samples and minimize its autoxidation. The sensitivity of conventional Au-microelectrodes was increased about one thousand-fold upon modification with NPG film, reaching 2 nA μmol-1 L-1. The detection limit for AA based on a linear current-concentration calibration plot was found to be 2 μmol L-1. The NPG-based microsensor was demonstrated to be selective, reproducible and stable, and was employed for determinations of AA concentration in highly acidic biological extracts.

PMID: 31864631 [PubMed – in process]

Source: Industry