LC-MS/MS-based metabolomic analysis of caffeine-degrading fungus Aspergillus sydowii during tea fermentation.

LC-MS/MS-based metabolomic analysis of caffeine-degrading fungus Aspergillus sydowii during tea fermentation.

J Food Sci. 2020 Jan 06;:

Authors: Zhou B, Ma C, Ren X, Xia T, Li X

Abstract
Natural microorganisms involved in solid-state fermentation (SSF) of Pu-erh tea have a significant impact on its chemical components. Aspergillus sydowii is a fungus with a high caffeine-degrading capacity. In this work, A. sydowii was inoculated into sun-dried green tea leaves for SSF. Metabolomic analysis was carried out by using UPLC-QTOF-MS method, and caffeine and related demethylated products were determined by HPLC. The results showed that A. sydowii had a significant (P < 0.05) impact on amino acids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, and caffeine metabolism. Moreover, A. sydowii could promote the production of ketoprofen, baclofen, and tolbutamide. Along with caffeine degradation, theophylline, 3-methylxanthine, 1,7-dimethylxanthine, 1-methylxanthine, and 7-methylxanthine were increased significantly (P < 0.05) during inoculated fermentation, which showed that demethylation was the main pathway of caffeine degradation in A. sydowii secondary metabolism. The absolute quantification analysis showed that caffeine could be demethylated and converted to theophylline and 3-methylxanthine. Particularly, about 93.24% of degraded caffeine was converted to theophylline, 27.92 mg/g of theophylline was produced after fermentation. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Aspergillus sydowii could cause caffeine degradation in Pu-erh tea solid-state fermentation and produce theophylline through the demethylation route. Using a starter strain to ferment tea leaves offers a more controllable, reproducible, and highly productive alternative for the biosynthesis of theophylline.

PMID: 31905425 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry