Nerolidol inhibits the LOX-1 / IL-1β signaling to protect against the Aspergillus fumigatus keratitis inflammation damage to the cornea.

Nerolidol inhibits the LOX-1 / IL-1β signaling to protect against the Aspergillus fumigatus keratitis inflammation damage to the cornea.

Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Jan 08;80:106118

Authors: Yang H, Wang Q, Han L, Yang X, Zhao W, Lyu L, Wang L, Yan H, Che C

Abstract
PURPOSE: Nerolidol, a naturally occurring sesquiterpene has both anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. The current study aims to investigate the antifungal and the anti-inflammatory effects of nerolidol against mouse Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) keratitis.
METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and cytotoxicity tests were used to study the antifungal ability. For in vivo and in vitro studies, the mouse corneas and the human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) infected with A. fumigatus spores were intervented with nerolidol or phosphate buffer saline (PBS). Thereafter, the effect of the nerolidol on the response against inflammation was analyzed using the following parameters: recruitment of the neutrophils or macrophages and the expression of the lectin-type oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β). Techniques used were the slit lamp, immunofluorescence, myeloperoxidase (MPO) detection, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot.
RESULTS: Nerolidol directly inhibits the growth of A. fumigatus. The administration of nerolidol reduced the severity of fungal keratitis with infiltration of fewer inflammatory cells and reduced levels of the LOX-1, as well the anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β were reduced compared with the PBS group. Additionally, in vitro studies showed that treatment with nerolidol inhibited the production of the LOX-1 / IL-1β levels in A. fumigatus stimulated HCECs.
CONCLUSION: Nerolidol attenuated the A. fumigatus keratitis inflammatory response by inhibiting the growth of A. fumigatus, reducing the recruitment of the neutrophils and the macrophages, and inhibiting the LOX-1/ IL-1β signaling.

PMID: 31926445 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry