Antagonic and plant growth-promoting effects of bacteria isolated from mine tailings at El Fraile, Mexico.

Antagonic and plant growth-promoting effects of bacteria isolated from mine tailings at El Fraile, Mexico.

Rev Argent Microbiol. 2020 Jan 22;:

Authors: Herrera-Quiterio A, Toledo-Hernández E, Aguirre-Noyola JL, Romero Y, Ramos J, Palemón-Alberto F, Toribio-Jiménez J

Mine tailings contain high concentrations of heavy metals such as As, Pb, Cu, Mn, and Fe, which are detrimental to the health of humans and the environment. In tailings at the El Fraile mine in Guerrero, Mexico, some plant species are apparently tolerant of heavy metals and can be found growing in the tailings. These plants could be associating with heavy metal-tolerant bacteria that promote plant growth and improve biomass production, and these bacteria could be a useful alternative for bacteria-assisted phytoremediation. The objective of this study was to isolate bacteria detected in the mine tailings at El Fraile-Taxco, focusing on those in the soil from the rhizosphere, the inner tissue of the root, leachate, and water, which have the potential to promote plant growth. The ability of the isolated bacteria to promote plant growth was evaluated in vitro. Of the 151 morphotypes isolated, 51% fix nitrogen, 12% dissolve phosphates, and 12%, 39.7%, and 48.3% produce indole acetic acid, gibberellins, and siderophores, respectively. In addition, 66.7% were observed to produce lytic enzymes, such as proteases, celluloses, lipases, esterases, and amylases, which exhibited activity against Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Colletotrichum. The use of 16S rRNA analysis led to the identification of the bacterial genera Chryseobacterium, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Mycobacterium, Staphylococcus, Curtobacterium, Enterobacter, Agrobacterium, Ochrobactrum, Serratia, Stenotrophomonas, and Acinetobacter. The bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere exhibited the greatest ability to fix nitrogen and produced indole acetic acid, gibberellins, siderophore, and lytic enzymes. In addition, the isolates collected from the soil samples demonstrated ability to solubilize phosphate.

PMID: 31982186 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry