Screening of tea saponin-degrading strain to degrade the residual tea saponin in tea seed cake.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2020 Feb 28;:1-11
Authors: Fu G, Chen K, Wang J, Wang M, Li R, Wu X, Wu C, Zhang P, Liu C, Wan Y
Although tea seed cake (TSC) possesses high nutritional value, its high content of tea saponin (TS) limits its potential as feed. This study aimed to degrade TS in TSC by saponin-degrading strain and used a multistrains fermentation method to improve its nutritional value and palatability. Three saponin-degrading strains were isolated from Oleum Camelliae mill soil and identified as Citrobacter sp. FCTS301, Pantoea sp. FCTS302, and Enterobacter sp. FCTS303. Single-factor experiment showed that Citrobacter sp. FCTS301 had the highest degradation rate of TS. Response surface analysis for Citrobacter sp. FCTS301 indicated that the optimum culture conditions were as follows: initial pH of 7.2, culture temperature of 34.2 °C, inoculation amount of 7.3%, the agitation rate of 150 rpm, and the TS concentration of 10.0 g/L. Under these conditions, the maximum degradation rate was 82.6%. The fermentation process of TSC was obtained by a multistrains fermentation experiment. Considering the protein content, crude fiber degradation rate, and TS degradation rate of each group, the optimum inoculum amount of strains included Citrobacter sp. FCTS301, Aspergillus oryzae NCUF414, Saccharomyces cersvisiae NCUF306.5, and Lactobacillus plantarum NCUF201.1(5%, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5%). After TS was degraded efficiently, fermented TSC can be presumed a potential feed raw material.
PMID: 32108551 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]