Storage time and condensed tannin content of high-moisture sorghum grains: Effects on in vitro fermentation and mold populations.

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Storage time and condensed tannin content of high-moisture sorghum grains: Effects on in vitro fermentation and mold populations.

Anim Nutr. 2020 Mar;6(1):92-97

Authors: García Y Santos C, Bettucci L, Brambillasca S, Cajarville C

Abstract
Silage of high moisture sorghum grains is a highly relevant source of energy in cattle production systems in South America. There is little information related to the chemical characteristics, the kinetics of fermentation and the toxic fungal populations of these feedstuffs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage time and condensed tannins content of the grain on chemical composition, in vitro fermentation parameters, and toxicogenic fungal populations of moist sorghum grain stored in silo-bags. Samples of 2 varieties of sorghum grains (high-tannin [HT] and low-tannin [LT]), were obtained during the grain harvest before silage making and after 30, 90, and 180 d of storage (n = 16). High-tannin grains had higher acid detergent fiber, tannins, gas production (P < 0.05) and lower starch and rate of gas production (P < 0.01). Interaction variety × storage time were observed for all chemical parameters (P < 0.01), except for neutral detergent fiber assayed with a heat stable amylase and expressed inclusive of residual ash (aNDF) and pH. Starch and protein content increased in both varieties, tannins decreased in HT and LT, and organic matter (OM) increased in HT and declined in LT (P < 0.05). The rate of gas production increased with the storage time for HT and LT (P < 0.01). A linear reduction in the Aspergillus number of colonies in the HT varieties was observed (P < 0.01), whereas a linear increase in Penicillium isolation was detected in the LT sorghums (P < 0.01). The storage time was beneficial in terms of decreasing the condensed tannins, increasing fractional rate of gas production and minimizing fungal contamination, particularly on HT grains.

PMID: 32211534 [PubMed]

Source: Industry