Post-cataract Surgery Fungal Endophthalmitis: Management Outcomes and Prognostic Factors.

Post-cataract Surgery Fungal Endophthalmitis: Management Outcomes and Prognostic Factors.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2020 Apr 10;:1-7

Authors: Sen S, Lalitha P, Mishra C, Parida H, Rameshkumar G, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K

Abstract
Purpose: To describe the clinical and microbiological features, management outcomes, and prognostic factors of visual improvement in post-cataract surgery fungal endophthalmitis.Methods: We evaluated 17 patients with culture-confirmed fungal endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. Data were collected regarding intravitreal antibiotics and antifungals, pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), intraocular lens (IOL) explantation, and scleral-fixated IOL (SFIOL) implantation. Clinical outcomes were recorded in terms of visual acuity and management strategies.Results: PPV was performed as a primary procedure at first presentation in three eyes. Fourteen eyes (82.3%) received intravitreal voriconazole. IOL explantation was performed in four eyes, followed by an SFIOL implantation in three eyes. Six eyes additionally presented with keratitis. At the final follow-up, cases having visual acuity ≥6/60 doubled from 17.6% to 35.3%. Eyes receiving antifungals had a trend toward worse visual outcome.Conclusions: Corneal involvement in addition to endophthalmitis and the presence of Aspergillus terreus were found to be poor prognostic markers.

PMID: 32275174 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry