Biocontrol ability and volatile organic compounds production as a putative mode of action of yeast strains isolated from organic grapes and rye grains.

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Biocontrol ability and volatile organic compounds production as a putative mode of action of yeast strains isolated from organic grapes and rye grains.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2020 May 05;:

Authors: Choińska R, Piasecka-Jóźwiak K, Chabłowska B, Dumka J, Łukaszewicz A

Abstract
The inhibiting activity of three yeast strains belonging to Pichia kudriavzevii, Pichia occidentalis, and Meyerozyma quilliermondii/Meyerozyma caribbica genera against common plant pathogens representing Mucor spp., Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium expansum, Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium cereals, Fusarium poae, as well as Botrytis cinerea genera was investigated. The yeast strains tested had a positive impact on growth inhibition of all target plant pathogens. The degree of inhibition was more than 50% and varied depending on both the yeast antagonist and the mold. Ethyl esters of medium-chain fatty acids, phenylethyl alcohol, and its acetate ester prevailed among the analyzed volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by yeasts in the presence of the target plant pathogens. Due to the method used, assuming no contact between the antagonist and the pathogen, the antagonistic activity of the yeast strains studied resulted mainly from the production of biologically active VOCs. Moreover, the antagonistic activity was not only restricted to a single plant pathogen but effective towards molds of different genera, making the yeast strains studied very useful for potential application in biological control.

PMID: 32372375 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry