[Gut microbiota and systemic inflammation in patients with chronic heart failure].
Kardiologiia. 2020 Jun 03;60(5):859
Authors: Vlasov AA, Salikova SP, Grinevich VB, Bystrova OV, Osipov GA, Meshkova ME
Aim To study the interrelationship between intensity of chronic systemic inflammation (CSI) with severity of the condition and intestinal microbiocenosis parameters in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).Material and methods 47 hospitalized patients with symptomatic CHF were evaluated. The following parameters were determined: clinical condition; N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). C-reactive protein (CRP); serum interleukins (IL) 6 and 10; and intestinal microbiocenosis composition by mass-spectrometry of microbial markers in whole blood. Microbiocenosis indexes were compared in the main group and in 38 outpatient patients with arterial hypertension and ischemic heart disease without CHF.Results Direct, medium-power correlations were found between CRP and IL-6 concentrations and severity of clinical condition (NT-proBNP, ХСН stage, and edema severity) in patients with CHF. Most patients with CHF had lower numbers of bifido-, lacto-, propionic-, and eubacteria, and Clostridium (С.) ramosum and higher numbers of aspergillus. Among CHF patients, the highest indexes of endotoxemia, gram (-) bacteria, cocci, actinomycetes, and microfungi were observed in the group with NT-proBNP from 400 to 2000 pg/ml. Direct correlations were observed for amounts of C. hystolyticum, Pseudonocardia spp., and Aspergillus spp. with IL-6 and IL-10 and unidirectional inverse correlation were observed for these cytokines with Propionibacterium acnes and jensenii, Streptomyces spp., and Nocardia asteroides. In addition, IL-6 concentration was negatively correlated with contents of Staphylococcus aureus, C. difficile, C. ramosum, Eggerthella lenta, and Corynebacterium spp. and was positively correlated with C. propionicum, Moraxella spp. and Flavobacterium spp. Concentration of IL-6 directly correlated with the number of Eubacterium spp. and inversely correlated with numbers of Ruminicoccus spp. and Streptomyces farmamarensis. The amount of Streptomyces farmamarensis negatively correlated with CRP concentrations.Conclusion The study results evidence the significance of intestinal microbial-tissue complex in the pathogenesis of CSI in CHF and allow suggesting this complex as a promising target for therapy.
PMID: 32515707 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]