Arbuscular mycorrhiza and Aspergillus terreus inoculation along with compost amendment enhance the phytoremediation of Cr-rich technosol by Solanum lycopersicum under field conditions.

Arbuscular mycorrhiza and Aspergillus terreus inoculation along with compost amendment enhance the phytoremediation of Cr-rich technosol by Solanum lycopersicum under field conditions.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Jun 22;201:110869

Authors: Akhtar O, Kehri HK, Zoomi I

Abstract
Chromium (Cr) contamination is a potential threat to the agricultural soil. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi have potential to remediate the heavy metal polluted soils. It was hypothesized that Cr phytoremediation potentiality of AM fungi could be enhanced in combination with saprophytic filamentous fungi and soil amendment. Tomato plants were raised in Cr polluted technosol amended with compost, inoculated with mixed-culture of AM fungi and Aspergillus terreus. It was found that, triple treatment (soil amendment with compost along with AM fungi and A. terreus inoculation) enhanced biomass production (up to 315%), fruit setting (up to 49%), photosynthetic pigments (up to 214%) and carbohydrate content (up to 400%) whereas reduced the proline (up to 76.5%), catalase (up to 34.2%), peroxidase (up to 58.9%) and root membrane permeability (up to 74.2%). The effect of AM fungi with compost amendment was additive, while it was synergistic with A. terreus. AM fungi enhanced the extraction of Cr from the substrate, but retained in the mycorrhizal root, thereby reduced the translocation into shoot and in fruit, Cr translocation was undetectable. At the end of experiment Cr content in the substrate was significantly decreased (up to 37.9%). Soil amendment with compost along with AM fungi and A. terreus inoculation can be used for reclamation of Cr polluted soils at field scale.

PMID: 32585490 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry