Annular oxygenation and rearrangement products of cryptotanshinone by biotransformation with marine-derived fungi Cochliobolus lunatus and Aspergillus terreus.

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Annular oxygenation and rearrangement products of cryptotanshinone by biotransformation with marine-derived fungi Cochliobolus lunatus and Aspergillus terreus.

Bioorg Chem. 2020 Aug 26;103:104192

Authors: Wu JS, Meng QY, Zhang YH, Shi XH, Fu XM, Zhang P, Li X, Shao CL, Wang CY

Abstract
Structural modification of natural products by biotransformation with fungi is an attractive tool to obtain novel bioactive derivatives. In the present study, cryptotanshinone (1), a quinoid abietane diterpene from traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), was transformed by two marine-derived fungi. By using Cochliobolus lunatus TA26-46, one new oxygenated and rearranged product (2), containing a 5,6-dihydropyrano[4,3-b]chromene moiety, together with one known metabolite (10), were obtained from the converted broth of cryptotanshinone (1) with the isolated yields of 1.0% and 2.1%, respectively. While, under the action of Aspergillus terreus RA2905, seven new transformation products (3-9) as well as 10 with the fragments of 2-methylpropan-1-ol and oxygenated p-benzoquinone were produced and obtained with the isolated yields of 0.1%-1.3%. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis including High Resolution Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (HRESIMS), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD). The metabolic pathways of cryptotanshinone by these two fungi were presumed to be the opening and rearrangement of furan ring, and/or oxygenation of cyclohexane ring. Cryptotanshinone (1) and its metabolites displayed anti-inflammatory activities against NO production in LPS-stimulated BV-2 cells and antibacterial activities towards methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. These findings revealed the potential of marine fungi to transform the structures of natural products by biotransformation.

PMID: 32889382 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry