Rare/cryptic Aspergillus species infections and importance of antifungal susceptibility testing.

Rare/cryptic Aspergillus species infections and importance of antifungal susceptibility testing.

Mycoses. 2020 Sep 11;:

Authors: Tsang CC, Tang JYM, Ye H, Xing F, Lo SKF, Xiao C, Han L, Wu AKL, Ngan AHY, Law KC, To YN, Sze DTT, Chim OHY, Hui TWS, Leung CWH, Zhu T, Yao C, Tse BPH, Lau SKP, Woo PCY

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The number of patients infected with Aspergillus rose dramatically in recent years. However, studies on the clinical spectrum and antifungal susceptibilities of non-classical (non-fumigatus, non-flavus, non-niger and non-terreus) pathogenic Aspergillus species are very limited.
OBJECTIVES: We examined the clinical spectrum and antifungal susceptibilities of 34 non-duplicated, non-classical Aspergillus isolates collected from Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Shanghai.
METHODS: The Aspergillus isolates were identified by internal transcribed spacer (ITS), partial BenA and partial CaM sequencing and phylogenetic analyses. Susceptibility testing against eight antifungals was performed following the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST)’s methodology.
RESULTS: The 34 Aspergillus isolates were identified as 14 different rare/cryptic species of four sections (Flavi [n=8], Nidulantes [n=8], Nigri [n=17] and Restricti [n=1]). Except for one patient whose clinical history could not be retrieved, 72.7% of the remaining patients had underlying conditions predisposing them to Aspergillus infections. The most common diseases were pulmonary infections [n=15], followed by skin/nail infections [n=6], chronic otitis externa and/or media [n=5], wound infections [n=2] and mastoiditis/radionecrosis [n=1], while three were colonisations. Five patients succumbed due to the infections during the admission and another two died five years later because of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Antifungal susceptibility testing showed that they possessed different susceptibility profiles compared to the classical Aspergillus species. The majority of isolates characterised were sensitive or wild-type to amphotericin B. The MECs for all the three echinocandins were also low.
CONCLUSION: Susceptibility testing should be performed for infections due to these rare/cryptic Aspergillus species to guide proper patient management.

PMID: 32918365 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry