Porcine kidney d-amino acid oxidase-derived R-amine oxidases with new substrate specificities.
Authors: Yasukawa K, Kawahara N, Motojima F, Nakano S, Asano Y
An R-stereoselective amine oxidase and variants with markedly altered substrate specificity toward (R)-amines were generated from porcine d-amino acid oxidase (pkDAO), based on the X-ray crystallographic analysis of the wild-type enzyme. The new R-amine oxidase, a pkDAO variant (Y228L/R283G), acted on α-MBA and its derivatives, α-ethylbenzylamine, alkylamine, and cyclic secondary amines, totally losing the activities toward the original substrates, d-amino acids. The variant is enantiocomplementary to the flavin-type S-stereoselective amine oxidase variant from Aspergillus niger. Moreover, we solved the structure of pkDAO variants and successfully applied the obtained information to generate more variants through rational protein engineering, and used them in the synthesis of pharmaceutically attractive chiral compounds. The pkDAO variant Y228L/R283G and a variant I230A/R283G were used to synthesize (S)-amine and (R)-4-CBHA through deracemization, from racemic α-methylbenzylamine and benzhydrylamine, respectively, by selective oxidation of one of the enantiomers in the presence of a chemical reductant such as NaBH4. From a mechanistic point of view, we speculated that the imine intermediate, synthesized by oxidases or dehydrogenases, could be converted into primary α-aminonitrile by nucleophilic addition of cyanide in aqueous solutions. Nitriles and some unnatural amino acids were synthesized through a cascade reaction by oxidative cyanation reaction with the variant and a wide substrate specificity nitrilase.
PMID: 32951821 [PubMed – in process]