Serum Calprotectin Is a Potential Marker in Patients with Asthma.

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Serum Calprotectin Is a Potential Marker in Patients with Asthma.

J Korean Med Sci. 2020 Nov 09;35(43):e362

Authors: Lee YG, Hong J, Lee PH, Lee J, Park SW, Kim D, Jang AS

BACKGROUND: Calprotectin is the major cytosolic protein in neutrophil granulocytes. Although asthma is known to cause eosinophilic inflammation, some patients with asthma have non-eosinophilic inflammation, which is characterized by local neutrophilic inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess calprotectin expression levels in a mouse model of asthma, and to observe the relationship of serum calprotectin level and clinical variables in patients with asthma.
METHODS: Mice were sensitized and challenged with 10 μg and 20 μg of Aspergillus fumigatus, respectively; mice treated with saline were used as a control. The levels of calprotectin were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemical analysis. The serum levels of calprotectin were also assessed in patients with asthma. The relationship between calprotectin and clinicopathological characteristics was determined.
RESULTS: Calprotectin, S100A8, and S100A9 expression was elevated in the mouse lungs, calprotectin levels were higher in the serum of patients with asthma (n = 33) compared with those of healthy individuals (n = 28). Calprotectin levels correlated with forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (r = -0.215, P = 0.043), smoke amount (r = 0.413, P = 0.017), body mass index (r = -0.445, P = 0.000), and blood neutrophil percentage (r = 0.300, P = 0.004) in patients with asthma.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that calprotectin could potentially be used as a biomarker for asthma.

PMID: 33169556 [PubMed – in process]

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