Quantitative comparison of the biomass-degrading enzyme repertoires of five filamentous fungi.
Sci Rep. 2020 Nov 20;10(1):20267
Authors: Arntzen MØ, Bengtsson O, Várnai A, Delogu F, Mathiesen G, Eijsink VGH
The efficiency of microorganisms to degrade lignified plants is of great importance in the Earth’s carbon cycle, but also in industrial biorefinery processes, such as for biofuel production. Here, we present a large-scale proteomics approach to investigate and compare the enzymatic response of five filamentous fungi when grown on five very different substrates: grass (sugarcane bagasse), hardwood (birch), softwood (spruce), cellulose and glucose. The five fungi included the ascomycetes Aspergillus terreus, Trichoderma reesei, Myceliophthora thermophila, Neurospora crassa and the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium, all expressing a diverse repertoire of enzymes. In this study, we present comparable quantitative protein abundance values across five species and five diverse substrates. The results allow for direct comparison of fungal adaptation to the different substrates, give indications as to the substrate specificity of individual carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes), and reveal proteins of unknown function that are co-expressed with CAZymes. Based on the results, we present a quantitative comparison of 34 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs), which are crucial enzymes in biomass deconstruction.
PMID: 33219291 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]