Biodegradation and decolourization of methyl red by Aspergillus versicolor LH1.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2020 Nov 23;:1-8
Authors: Hu CY, Cheng HY, Yao XM, Li LZ, Liu HW, Guo WQ, Yan LS, Fu JL
Azo dyes constitute a significant environmental burden due to its toxicity, carcinogenicity, and hard biodegradation. The report here is focused on the decolorization and degradation treatment of azo dye methyl red (MR). Decolorization of MR using Aspergillus versicolor LH1 isolated from activated sludge was investigated. The maximum decolorization rate of 92.3% was obtained under the optimized conditions of sucrose as carbon source, 5d incubation age, pH 6.0, 140 mg/L initial concentration of MR and 2.5 g/L initial concentration of NaNO3. Biodegradation products of MR were investigated using HPLC-MS, FTIR, and GC-MS assays. It was revealed the three bonds of -C-N = in MR aromatic nucleus were disrupted, and benzoic acid was detected. Micronucleus test with Glycine max L. and Vicia faba L. demonstrated that MCN‰ (micronucleus permillage) of MR metabolites was less than MR solution. These findings provided evidence that A. versicolor LH1 is a candidate for MR degradation in industrial wastewater treatment.
PMID: 33226883 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]