In vivo targeting of miR-223 in experimental eosinophilic oesophagitis.

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In vivo targeting of miR-223 in experimental eosinophilic oesophagitis.

Clin Transl Immunology. 2020;9(11):e1210

Authors: Collison AM, Sokulsky LA, Nightingale S, Percival E, LeFevre A, Meredith J, Krauss S, Foster PS, Mattes J

Objectives: Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is characterised by oesophageal inflammation, fibrosis and dysfunction. Micro (mi)-RNAs interfere with pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic transcriptional programs, and miR-223 was upregulated in oesophageal mucosal biopsy specimens from EoE patients. The therapeutic potential of modulating miR-223 expression in vivo has not been determined. We aimed to elucidate the relevance of oesophageal miR-223 expression in an in vivo model of EoE by inhibiting miR-223 tissue expression.
Methods: The expression of miR-223 and the validated miR-223 target insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF1R) protein was determined in our paediatric cohort of EoE patients. A murine model of Aspergillus fumigatus-induced EoE was employed, and oesophagi were assessed for miR-233, IGF1R, T lymphocyte type 2 (T2) cytokine expression and eosinophil infiltration. Mice were treated with antagomirs targeting miR-223 or resveratrol targeting its upstream regulator Midline-1(MID-1).
Results: There was an inverse relationship between an increased expression of miR-223 and a decreased IGF1R protein concentration in biopsy specimens from EoE patients. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand deficiency, MID-1 inhibition and resveratrol treatment suppressed miR-223 expression. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-223 and treatment with resveratrol in the oesophagus resulted in an amelioration of EoE hallmark features including eosinophilic infiltration, oesophageal circumference and a reduction in T2 cytokine expression.
Conclusion: miR-223 has a key role in the perpetuation of EoE hallmark features downstream of TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and MID-1 in an experimental model. These studies highlight a potentially critical role of miRNA function in EoE aetiology. miR-223 expression in the oesophagus may be therapeutically modulated by resveratrol, providing a potential new therapeutic option to be explored in EoE patients for this increasingly prevalent condition.

PMID: 33282292 [PubMed]

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