Ougan juice debittering using ultrasound-aided enzymatic hydrolysis: Impacts on aroma and taste.
Food Chem. 2020 Dec 03;345:128767
Authors: Gao X, Feng T, Liu E, Shan P, Zhang Z, Liao L, Ma H
The optimal sonication conditions (40 kHz, 80 W/L and 60 min) during Ougan juice debittering by Aspergillus niger koji extract were established. Enzymatic hydrolysis degrees of naringin and limonin were enhanced to 89.90% and 36.16%, and enzymatic hydrolysis time was shortened by 33%. Sonication significantly enhanced activities of α-l-rhamnosidases, β-glucosidases and limoninases from A. niger koji extract and facilitated break of CO bonds in naringin (p < 0.05). These accounted for the enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis degrees and velocities of bitter compounds. Meanwhile, sonication lowered 40%, 7% and 21%, 13%, 11%, 25% of bitter, sour tastes and green, citrus-like, floral, woody notes, but enhanced 18% and 15% of fruity and sweet notes, resulting in 38% and 33% increases in over-all taste and aroma scores. Lowered levels of bitter compounds, organic acids, green, citrus-like, floral, woody aroma compounds and enhanced levels of fruity, sweet aroma compounds caused by sonication accounted for the flavor improvements.
PMID: 33340897 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]