Single-Cell Analysis of Fungal Uptake in Cultured Airway Epithelial Cells Using Differential Fluorescent Staining and Imaging Flow Cytometry.

Single-Cell Analysis of Fungal Uptake in Cultured Airway Epithelial Cells Using Differential Fluorescent Staining and Imaging Flow Cytometry.

Methods Mol Biol. 2021;2260:83-109

Authors: Bertuzzi M, Howell GJ

Abstract
The respiratory epithelium is the initial point of host contact for inhaled particles, leading to orchestrated, but highly heterogeneous, responses. Human airway epithelial cells (AECs) play a crucial role in host defense by promoting uptake and killing of inhaled microorganisms and concomitant cytokine production in order to recruit professional phagocytes to the site of infection. However, inhaled pathogens can also reside and replicate intracellularly to evade host immune defenses or circulating antimicrobial drugs, ultimately causing apoptosis or cell death of the infected AECs. Imaging flow cytometry (IFC) combines flow cytometry, fluorescent microscopy, and advanced data-processing algorithms to dissect the heterogeneity of the interaction of AECs and inhaled microorganisms and its outcomes at the single-cell level. Here, we describe a novel single-cell approach based on differential fluorescent staining and state-of-the-art IFC to identify, quantify, and analyze individual host-pathogen complexes from cultured AECs infected with spores of the major human fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus.

PMID: 33405032 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Industry