NUCLEOPROTEIN-BASED ELISA FOR DETECTION OF SARS-CoV-2 IgG ANTIBODIES: COULD AN OLD ASSAY BE SUITABLE FOR SERODIAGNOSIS OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS?

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NUCLEOPROTEIN-BASED ELISA FOR DETECTION OF SARS-CoV-2 IgG ANTIBODIES: COULD AN OLD ASSAY BE SUITABLE FOR SERODIAGNOSIS OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS?

J Virol Methods. 2021 Jan 13;:114064

Authors: Tozetto-Mendoza TR, Kanunfre KA, Vilas-Boas LS, Sanchez Espinoza EP, PaiĆ£o HGO, Rocha MC, de Paula AV, de Oliveira MS, Zampelli DB, Vieira JM, Buss L, Costa SF, Sabino EC, Witkin SS, Okay TS, Mendes-Correa MC

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the performance of a nucleoprotein-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2.
METHODS: The ELISA was based on serum IgG reactivity to a 46-kDa protein derived from the recombinant SARS-CoV2 nucleoprotein. Assay sensitivity was assessed using serum samples from 134 COVID-19 confirmed cases obtained > 15 days after symptom onset. Specificity was determined by testing sera from 94 healthy controls. Cross-reactivity was evaluated with sera from 96 individuals with previous dengue or zika virus-confirmed infections, with 44 sera from individuals with confirmed infections to other respiratory viruses or with bacterial and fungal infections that cause pneumonia and with 40 sera negative for SARS-CoV-2 nucleoprotein by commercial ELISA kits.
RESULTS: The majority of subjects were male and> 60 years old. Assay sensitivity was 90.3% (95% confidence interval 84.1% – 94.2%) and specificity was 97.9% (92.6% – 99.4%). There was no cross-reactivity with sera from individuals diagnosed with dengue, zika virus, influenza virus, rhinovirus, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, seasonal coronavirus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus (S. aureus and coagulase-negative), Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. The level of concordance of our test with results from commercial ELISA kits was 100%.
CONCLUSION: The nucleoprotein-based ELISA was specific for detection of IgG anti-nucleoprotein antibodies to SARS-CoV-2.. It utilizes a frequently employed low expense assay protocol and is easier to perform than other currently available commercial SARS-CoV2 antibody detection tests.

PMID: 33453299 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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