Electrochemical microgap immunosensors for selective detection of pathogenic Aspergillus niger.
J Hazard Mater. 2021 Jan 07;411:125069
Authors: Lee J, Kim S, Chung HY, Kang A, Kim S, Hwang H, Yang SI, Yun WS
Aspergillus niger (A. niger) is a well-known allergenic, harmful fungus in the indoor environment that can cause asthmatic symptoms and atopy. Previous immunosensing approach suffers from an insufficient detection limit, mainly because there are no techniques for target amplification. We report an electrochemical immunosensor that selectively quantifies the A. niger based on the detection of extracellular proteins by using a specific interaction with antibody. The sensor was designed to show a decrease in redox current upon binding of the antigens secreted from A. niger onto an antibody-immobilized surface between the interdigitated electrodes. The extracellular proteins were profiled by LC-MS/MS to identify the antigens existing in the A. niger solution. Since the targets of the sensor are the proteins, its sensitivity and selectivity remain almost intact even after filtration of the spores. It was also found that the use of secretion promoter in the sampling stage greatly improved the sensor’s limit of detection (LOD) for the spores. By this, the LOD was lowered by a few orders of magnitude so as to reach the value as low as ~101 spores/mL.
PMID: 33454571 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]