Microbial Transformation of Broussochalcones A and B by Aspergillus niger.
J Nat Prod. 2021 Feb 02;:
Authors: Xiao Y, Han F, Kim MJ, Lee KY, Lee IS
Broussochalcones A (BCA, 1) and B (BCB, 2) are major bioactive constituents isolated from Broussonetia papyrifera, a polyphenol-rich plant belonging to the family Moraceae. Due to their low yields from natural sources, BCA (1) and BCB (2) were prepared synthetically by employing Claisen-Schmidt condensation, and these were used as substrates for microbial transformation to obtain novel derivatives. Microbial transformation of BCA (1) and BCB (2) with the endophytic fungus Aspergillus niger KCCM 60332 yielded 10 previously undescribed chalcones (1a-1e and 2a-2e). Their structures were established based on the spectroscopic methods. The cytotoxicity of BCA (1), BCB (2), and their metabolites (1a-1e and 2a-2e) was determined by human cancer cell lines A375P, A549, HT-29, MCF-7, and HepG2, with 1e shown to be most cytotoxic.
PMID: 33527835 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]