Dissimilarity in sensory attributes, shelf life and spoilage bacterial and fungal microbiota of industrial-scale wet starch noodles induced by different preservatives and temperature
Food Res Int. 2021 Feb;140:109980. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109980. Epub 2020 Dec 16.
Shelf life, storage stability and microbial growth of wet starch noodles during storage were investigated, and spoilage microbiota was also analyzed to further reveal the decisive factor shaping the microbial community. Sensory analysis and microbiological results indicated that starch noodles treated with sodium dehydroacetate and stored at 4 °C could effectively delay the moldy decay and extend the shelf-life to 50 days, as compared to control and other treatments. In wet starch noodles, molds were found to have a higher spoilage potential than bacteria and yeasts. 16S rDNA sequencing revealed that preservatives, rather than temperature, could cause the significant difference (PERMANOVA p = 0.001) of spoilage bacterial community among samples and sodium dehydroacetate could markedly reduce the bacterial diversity. ITS rDNA sequencing results demonstrated that temperature was the decisive factor in shaping fungal spoilage microbiota (Mantel test r = 0.413, p = 0.002). Besides, Spearman correlation analysis illustrated that the abundance of some microorganisms such as Pseudomonas, Aspergillus and Penicillium were found to be significantly correlated with pH or temperature. These findings provide guiding information in the selection of preservatives and environmental condition for this high-moisture starch noodles.