Two new pyrone derivatives from the mangrove-derived endophytic fungus Aspergillus sydowii #2B

Nat Prod Res. 2021 Mar 1:1-7. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2021.1892673. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Two new pyrone derivatives, 2-(12S-hydroxypropyl)-3-hydroxy-methyl-6-hydroxy-7-methoxychromone (1), and (±)-pyrenocine S (5), together with five known compounds xanthoradone A (2), (+)-3,3′,7,7′,8,8′-hexahydroxy-5,5′-dimethyl-bianthra-quinone (3), butyrolactone-I (4), pyrenocine A (6), and (±)-pyrenocine E (7) were obtained from the mangrove endophytic fungus Aspergillus sydowii #2B. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and comparison data with of literatures. Compounds 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 showed cytotoxicities against prostate cancer VCaP cells with IC50 values of 4.19 ± 1.02, 33.36 ± 1.42, 1.92 ± 0.82, 20.06 ± 2.01, 7.92 ± 0.86, and 10.13 ± 0.88 μM respectively, while compound 1 showed no cytotoxic activity. Compounds 1, 3, 6, and 7 exhibited weak inhibition effects against the production of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 246.7 cells with IC50 values of 40.15, 28.69, 25.25 and 43.08 μM respectively.

PMID:33648402 | DOI:10.1080/14786419.2021.1892673

Source: Industry