Designing enzyme cocktails from Penicillium and Aspergillus species for the enhanced saccharification of agro-industrial wastes

Bioresour Technol. 2021 Feb 25;330:124888. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2021.124888. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to develop optimized enzyme cocktails, containing native and recombinant purified enzymes from five fungal species, for the saccharification of alkali- and acid-pretreated sugarcane bagasse (SCB), soybean hulls (SBH) and oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB). Basic cellulases were represented by cellobiohydrolase I (CBH) and endo-glucanase II (EG) from Penicillium verruculosum and β-glucosidase (BG) from Aspergillus niger. Auxiliary enzymes were represented by endo-xylanase A (Xyl), pectin lyase (PNL) and arabinoxylanhydrolase (AXH) from Penicillium canescens, β-xylosidase (BX) from Aspergillus japonicus, endo-arabinase (ABN) from A. niger and arabinofuranosidase (Abf) from Aspergillus foetidus. Enzyme loads were 5 mg protein/g dry substrate (basic cellulases) and 1 mg/g (each auxiliary enzyme). The best choice for SCB and EFB saccharification was alkaline pretreatment and addition of Xyl + BX, AXH + BX or ABN + BX + Abf to basic cellulases. For SBH, acid pretreatment and basic cellulases combined with ABN + BX + Abf or Xyl + BX performed better than other enzyme preparations.

PMID:33713945 | DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2021.124888

Source: Industry