Draft genome of the glucose tolerant beta-glucosidase producing rare Aspergillus unguis reveals complete cellulolytic machinery with multiple beta-glucosidase genes
Fungal Genet Biol. 2021 Mar 15:103551. doi: 10.1016/j.fgb.2021.103551. Online ahead of print.
Draft genome sequence of the glucose tolerant beta glucosidase (GT-BGL) producing rare fungus Aspergillus unguis NII 08123 was generated through Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). The genome size of the fungus was estimated to be 37.1 Mb. A total of 3116 contigs were assembled using SPades, and 15,161 proteins were predicted using AUGUSTUS 3.1. Among them, 13,850 proteins were annotated using UniProt. Distribution of CAZyme genes specifically those encoding lignocellulose degrading enzymes were analyzed and compared with those from the industrial cellulase producer Trichoderma reesei in view of the huge differences in detectable enzyme activities between the fungi, despite the ability of A. unguis to grow on lignocellulose as sole carbon source. Full length gene sequence of the inducible GT-BGL could be identified through tracing back from peptide mass fingerprint. A total of 403 CAZymes were predicted from the genome, which includes 232 glycoside hydrolases (GHs), 12 carbohydrate esterases (CEs), 109 glycosyl transferases (GTs), 15 polysaccharide lyases (PLs), and 35 genes with auxiliary activities (AAs). The high level of zinc finger motif containing transcription factors could possibly hint a tight regulation of the cellulolytic machinery, which may also explain the low cellulase activities even when a complete repertoire of cellulase degrading enzyme genes are present in the fungus.