17-Hydroxybrevianamide N and Its N1-Methyl Derivative, Quinazolinones from a Soft-Coral-Derived Aspergillus sp. Fungus: 13S Enantiomers as the True Natural Products

J Nat Prod. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.1c00098. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Under the guidance of MS/MS-based molecular networking and HPLC-UV, two new alkaloid racemates, (±)-17-hydroxybrevianamide N (1) and (±)-N1-methyl-17-hydroxybrevianamide N (2), featuring a rare o-hydroxyphenylalanine residue and an imide subunit, were isolated from a soft-coral-derived Aspergillus sp. fungus. The true natural products (+)-1 and (+)-2 were further monitored and obtained from the freshly prepared EtOAc extracts, while (-)-1 and (-)-2 are artifacts generated during extraction and purification processes. Simultaneously, the structures including absolute configurations of (+)-13S1, (-)-13R1, (+)-13S2, and (-)-13R2 were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis, ECD calculations, and X-ray diffraction data. Interestingly, basic solution promotes the racemization of (+)-1 and (-)-1, whereas acidic solution suppresses the transformation. The current research was concerned with the true natural products and their artifacts, providing critical insight into the isolation and identification of natural products.

PMID:33765387 | DOI:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.1c00098

Source: Industry