Efficient encapsulation of fish oil: Capitalizing on the unique inherent characteristics of whey cream and hydrolyzed whey protein
J Dairy Sci. 2021 Mar 24:S0022-0302(21)00458-6. doi: 10.3168/jds.2020-19880. Online ahead of print.
The effects of protein concentration and of blending a phospholipid-rich whey coproduct, Procream (Salibra 700 Procream, Glanbia Nutritionals), with intact or hydrolyzed whey protein concentrate, on fish oil microencapsulation efficiency and oxidative stability were assessed. Trypsin and protease M, from Aspergillus oryzae, were used to produce 2 unique hydrolysates. All microcapsules had excellent encapsulation efficiencies (>92%) and good physical properties, regardless of protein content and Procream inclusion. Intact α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin and their peptides were involved in stabilizing oil droplets. Disulfide interchange resulted in formation of protein aggregates, which were more pronounced in samples containing Procream. Although all microcapsules had relatively good oxidative stability, most had better stability at 2 versus 0.5% protein. Protease M hydrolysate + Procream microcapsules had the highest stability, regardless of protein content. Results demonstrated that Procream, at a reduced protein inclusion level, can partially replace more expensive whey protein ingredients in microencapsulation, when blended with a select hydrolysate.