Extractive fermentation for process integration of protease production by Aspergillus tamarii Kita UCP1279 and purification by PEG-Citrate Aqueous Two-Phase System
Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2021 Mar 31:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10826068.2021.1904257. Online ahead of print.
The present study evaluated the influence of the variables polyethylene glycol (PEG) molar mass, pH, PEG concentration and sodium citrate concentration in the integrated production of the protease from Aspergillus tamarii Kita UCP1279 by extractive fermentation, obtaining as a response the partition coefficient (K), activity yield (Y) and concentration factor (CF). The enzyme preferably partitioned to the top phase and obtained in the system formed by variables MPEG = 400 g mol-1, CPEG = 20% (w w-1), and CCIT = 20% (w w-1) and pH 6, in this condition were obtained CF = 1.90 and Y = 79.90%. The protease showed stability at a temperature of 60 °C for 180 min, with optimum temperature 40 °C and pH 8.0. For the ions and inhibitors effects, the protease activity increased when exposed to Fe2+, Ca2+ and Zn2 + and inhibited by EDTA, being classified as metalloprotease. The kinetic parameters Km (35.63 mg mL-1) and Vmax (1.205 mg mL-1 min-1) were also estimated. Thus, the protease showed desirable characteristics that enable future industrial applications, especially, for beer industry.