The potential correlations between the fungal communities and volatile compounds of traditional dry sausages from Northeast China
Food Microbiol. 2021 Sep;98:103787. doi: 10.1016/j.fm.2021.103787. Epub 2021 Mar 17.
The fungal communities and volatile compounds of traditional dry sausages collected from five different regions in Northeast China, including Harbin (HRB), Daqing (DQ), Suihua (SH), Hegang (HG) and Mudanjiang (MDJ) were investigated in this study. The results revealed clear differences among the fungal community structures of the sausages. Aspergillus pseudoglaucus, Debaryomyces hansenii, and Trichosporon asahii were found to be the predominant species in the sausages from HRB, HG, and MDJ, respectively. Candida zeylanoides was the predominant species in the sausage from DQ and SH. Additionally, 88 volatile compounds were identified in all sausages, of which 31 volatile compounds were the most important flavor contributors (odor activity value > 1). Potential correlation analysis revealed that 8 fungi (D. hansenii, C. zeylanoides, T. asahii, A. pseudoglaucus, Aspergillus sydowii, Penicillium expansum, A. alternata, and Alternaria tenuissima) showed significant positive correlations with ≥3 key volatile compounds. Among these fungi, D. hansenii was regarded as a core functional fungus responsible for the formation of the volatile compounds, given its strong connection with the highest number of key volatile compounds. These results provide detailed insight into the fungal communities of traditional dry sausages and a deeper understanding of the contribution of these fungi to sausage flavor.