Synthesis of the Fungal Metabolite YWA1 and Related Constructs as Tools to Study MelLec-Mediated Immune Response to Aspergillus Infections
J Org Chem. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1021/acs.joc.0c02324. Online ahead of print.
We describe the chemical synthesis of the fungal naphthopyrones YWA1 and fonsecin B, as well as their functionalization with an amine-spacer arm and the conjugation of the resulting molecules to three different functional tags (i.e., biotin, Oregon green, 1-[3-(succinimidyloxycarbonyl)benzyl]-4-[5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-oxazolyl]pyridinium bromide (PyMPO)). The naphthopyrone-biotin and -PyMPO constructs maintained the ability to bind the C-type lectin receptor MelLec, whose interaction with immunologically active fungal metabolites (i.e., 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-(DHN)-melanin and YWA1) is a key step in host recognition and induction of protective immune responses against Aspergillus fumigatus. The fluorescent Fonsecin B-PyMPO construct 21 was used to selectively visualize MelLec-expressing cells, thus validating the potential of this strategy for studying the role and functions of MelLec in immunity.