Indian J Med Res. 2021 Mar;153(3):311-319. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_768_21.
Fungal diseases have not been taken seriously in public health agendas as well as research priorities, despite of globally causing an estimated two million deaths every year, and the emergence of many troublesome fungal pathogens like Candida auris, azole resistant Aspergillus fumigatus, terbinafine and azole resistant dermatophytes, and zoonotic sporotrichosis in humans. Fungi are also responsible for huge losses of agricultural products and stored crops as well as recent massive and unexpected mortality in animals caused by white-nose syndrome in the bats and Chytridiomycosis in amphibians. This review aims to underscore the need for collaborative, multisectoral, and trans-disciplinary approach to include the One Health approach as an essential component of surveillance, prevention, and control of globally emerging fungal diseases. Rigorous evidence based surveillance of the environment as well as strengthening rapid and quality diagnosis of fungal diseases can save millions of lives and reduce significant morbidity.