Comparison of Different Temperature Conditions for Microbial Enumeration of Aspergillus brasiliensis in the Preservative Efficacy Test
Biocontrol Sci. 2021;26(2):95-98. doi: 10.4265/bio.26.95.
The preservative efficacy test is an important method for assessing the antimicrobial effect of cosmetic products. In this study, the optimum conditions for the efficient microbial enumeration of Aspergillus brasiliensis were investigated. Cosmetic products, inoculated with A. brasiliensis spore suspensions, were cultivated at 22.5°C, 32.5°C, or 40°C and the detection rate and the number of colonies were determined using the pour culture method. There was no difference in the viable counts of visible colonies among different temperature conditions. However, the viable counts after 3 days of culture were significantly greater for the cultures maintained at 32.5°C or 40°C compared with those maintained at 22.5°C. This effect was attenuated in products containing fatty acids, which could inhibit fungal growth. Overall, these results demonstrate that cultivating A. brasiliensis at 32.5°C reduces the time required for enumeration in the preservative efficacy test. Thus, the results of this study are expected to help improve and expedite microbiological quality control in the cosmetic industry.