Indian J Tuberc. 2021 Jul;68(3):420-424. doi: 10.1016/j.ijtb.2020.12.007. Epub 2021 Jan 2.
OBJECTIVE: To present an interesting case of left opaque hemithorax in an adult female and discuss its assessment and management.
METHODS: Design: Case Report.
SETTING: Tertiary care hospital.
RESULTS: 44yrs retropositive female admitted with complaints of acute onset dry cough since 15-20 days, sudden breathlesness since 5 days which was progressive in nature, left sided heaviness in chest since 5 days. CECT Thorax showed complete collapse of left lung with cut off of left main bronchus while video bronchoscopy showed left main bronchus completely blocked with very thick necrotic mass and was difficult to dislodge. Debulking with cryo probe was done and left main bronchus was completely cleared off. Allergen panel showed very high serum IgE, high S.IgE against aspergillus and high specific S.IgG against aspergillus. Patient and her Chest X-ray showed significant improvement post cryo debulking and was discharged satisfactorily on oral voriconazole therapy.
CONCLUSION: Endobronchial aspergillosis is characterized by massive intrabronchial overgrowth of the aspergillus species, mainly aspergillus fumigatus. Most patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, including those with simple aspergillomas and Aspergillus nodules, have positive Aspergillus IgG antibodies in the blood. We hereby present a case of 44 yrs female presenting with complaints of dry cough and dyspnea and was diagnosed with endobronchial aspergillosis with complete obliteration of left main bronchus by fungal debris in which cryo debulking was done which relieved the symptoms significantly and was discharged in satisfactory condition on oral voriconazole therapy.