L-asparaginase from Aspergillus oryzae spp.: effects of production process and biochemical parameters
Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2021 Jun 10:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10826068.2021.1931881. Online ahead of print.
L-asparaginases prevent the formation of acrylamide, a substance commonly found in foods subjected to heat and that also contains reducing sugars and L-asparagine. This work aimed to select a strain of Aspergillus spp. able to produce L-asparaginase and to optimize the fermentation parameters, the partial purification and biochemical characterization were also performed. The Aspergillus oryzae IOC 3999 was selected due to its greater enzymatic activity: 1443.57 U/mL of L-asparaginase after 48 h of fermentation. The optimized conditions allowed for an increase of 223% on the L-asparaginase production: 2.9% lactose, 2.9% L-asparagine and 0.7% hydrolyzed casein, 0.152% KH2PO4, 0.052% KCl and MgSO4, 0.001% of CuNO3.3H2O, ZnSO4.7H2O and FeSO4.7H2O adjusted to pH 7.0; added a concentration of 5.05×106 spores/mL at 30 °C for 100 rpm. A purification factor of 2.11 was found and the molecular mass was estimated at 20.8 kDa. The enzyme showed optimum activity at 60 °C and pH 5 and stability at 50 °C for 1 h. The enzyme presented desirable biochemical characteristics, mainly the acid pH stability, indicating that the enzyme would work well in food matrices due to the closeness of pH, meaning that it could be a potential option for use in the food industry.