Starch and protein recovery from brewer's spent grain using hydrothermal pretreatment and their conversion to edible filamentous fungi – A brewery biorefinery concept

Bioresour Technol. 2021 Jun 13;337:125409. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2021.125409. Online ahead of print.


This study aimed at recovering a highly concentrated starch and protein stream from the brewer’s spent grain (BSG). The effect of pretreatment temperature and retention time on the solubilization of starch and protein; and the generation of fermentation inhibitors were studied. Then, the application of recovered streams for fungal cultivation was evaluated using different edible fungi Aspergillus oryzae, Neurospora intermedia, and Rhizopus delemar. The hydrothermal pretreatment resulted in the highest solubilized starch concentration, 43 g/L, corresponding to 83% solubilization of initial BSG starch content. The highest protein concentration was 27 g/L (48% solubilization of initial BSG protein content). Cultivation with Neurospora intermedia on the recovered streams from the two best pretreatment conditions, 140 ℃ for 4 h and 180 ℃ for 30 min, resulted in pure fungal biomass with the highest protein content 59.62% and 50.42% w/w, respectively. Finally, a brewery biorefinery was proposed for the valorization of BSG.

PMID:34166931 | DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2021.125409

Source: Industry